What is Varicose Veins Surgery?


Varicose Veins: Causes, Types, Treatment and Surgery

Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that you can see just under the surface of the skin, most commonly in the legs. These veins can cause discomfort and pain, as well as aesthetic concerns for some people. This article will cover the different types of varicose veins, their causes, treatment options, and surgical procedures available to alleviate symptoms.

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are veins that have become enlarged, twisted, and bulging. They are usually blue or dark purple in color and often appear on the legs, but can also appear on other parts of the body. They can cause pain and discomfort, especially when standing or walking for long periods. Varicose veins occur when the valves in the veins that help blood flow back to the heart become weakened or damaged, causing blood to pool in the veins.

Types of Varicose Veins

There are three types of varicose veins:

  1. Trunk Varicose Veins – These are the largest varicose veins and can appear on the surface of the skin as twisted, bulging cords.
  2. Reticular Varicose Veins – These are smaller varicose veins that appear closer to the surface of the skin and are usually red or blue.
  3. Telangiectasia Varicose Veins – Also known as spider veins, these are small, thin veins that appear close to the surface of the skin and are usually red or blue in color.

Causes of Varicose Veins

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of varicose veins, including:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Family history
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Prolonged standing or sitting
  • Injury or trauma to the affected area

Varicose Veins Treatment

There are several non-surgical treatment options available for varicose veins, including:

  • Compression stockings – These can help improve blood flow and reduce swelling in the legs.
  • Exercise – Regular exercise can improve circulation and help reduce the appearance of varicose veins.
  • Lifestyle changes – Maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding prolonged periods of standing or sitting, and elevating the legs when possible can all help alleviate symptoms.

In addition to these non-surgical treatments, there are several minimally invasive procedures available to treat varicose veins, including:

  • Sclerotherapy – This involves injecting a solution into the affected veins, which causes them to shrink and eventually disappear.
  • Radiofrequency Ablation – This procedure uses heat to close off the affected veins, which then reabsorb into the body over time.
  • Endovenous Laser Therapy – Similar to radiofrequency ablation, this procedure uses laser energy to close off the affected veins.

Varicose Vein Surgery

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat varicose veins. The most common surgical procedure for varicose veins is called vein stripping, which involves removing the affected vein from the body. This procedure is typically performed under general anesthesia and requires a recovery period of several weeks.


Varicose veins are a common condition that can cause discomfort, pain, and aesthetic concerns for many people. Fortunately, there are several non-surgical and minimally invasive treatment options available to alleviate symptoms. In cases where surgery is necessary, vein stripping is the most common procedure used. If you are experiencing symptoms of varicose veins, speak to your doctor about the treatment options that are best for you.


  1. Are varicose veins dangerous? Varicose veins are not usually dangerous, but they can cause discomfort and pain. In rare cases, they can lead to more serious complications such as.
  1. Who is more likely to develop varicose veins? Varicose veins are more common in women than men and are more likely to develop as you age. If you have a family history of varicose veins, you may also be at a higher risk of developing them.
  2. Can varicose veins be prevented? While there is no surefire way to prevent varicose veins, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing them. These include maintaining a healthy weight, staying active, avoiding prolonged periods of standing or sitting, and wearing compression stockings.
  3. Is surgery the only treatment option for varicose veins? No, there are several non-surgical and minimally invasive treatment options available for varicose veins, including compression stockings, exercise, and various procedures such as sclerotherapy and radiofrequency ablation.
  4. Will my varicose veins go away on their own? Varicose veins will not go away on their own, but the symptoms can often be managed through non-surgical or minimally invasive treatment options. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected vein.
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