What is Gallbladder Surgery?


What is Gallbladder Surgery and What to Expect Before, During, and After the Procedure

Gallbladder surgery, also known as cholecystectomy, is a surgical procedure that involves removing the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small organ located under the liver that plays a vital role in the digestive process by storing and releasing bile, a fluid that helps break down fats. When the gallbladder becomes inflamed or develops gallstones, it can lead to several complications, including severe pain, nausea, and vomiting. In such cases, gallbladder surgery may be necessary.

In this article, we will discuss what gallbladder surgery entails, the conditions that may require it, the duration of the procedure, the possible complications, and what to expect after the surgery.

Conditions That Will Require Gallbladder Surgery

Gallbladder surgery is typically recommended for individuals who are experiencing the following conditions:


Gallstones are small, hard deposits that form in the gallbladder. They can range in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball and can cause severe pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Gallbladder Inflammation

Gallbladder inflammation, also known as cholecystitis, occurs when the gallbladder becomes inflamed. This condition can cause severe abdominal pain, fever, and jaundice.

Biliary Dyskinesia

Biliary dyskinesia is a condition that occurs when the gallbladder doesn’t empty properly, leading to pain and discomfort.

Gallbladder Polyps

Gallbladder polyps are growths that develop in the lining of the gallbladder. While most are benign, some may be cancerous.

Gallbladder Surgery Duration

Gallbladder surgery is typically performed as an outpatient procedure, meaning the patient can go home on the same day. The surgery itself usually takes between one and two hours, depending on the complexity of the case.

Complications of Gallbladder Surgery

Like any surgical procedure, gallbladder surgery carries some risks. The following are some possible complications that may occur:


Bleeding is a potential complication of any surgical procedure, including gallbladder surgery. It may require additional treatment, including blood transfusions or further surgery.


Infection is a risk associated with any surgical procedure. Patients who develop an infection may require antibiotics or additional treatment.

Bile Leakage

Bile leakage is a rare complication that can occur after gallbladder surgery. It may require further surgical intervention.

Digestive Issues

Some patients may experience digestive issues, such as diarrhea or bloating, after gallbladder surgery.

What to Consider After Gallbladder Surgery

After gallbladder surgery, patients will need to make some adjustments to their diet and lifestyle. The following are some things to consider:

Dietary Changes

Patients may need to avoid certain foods, such as fatty or fried foods, to prevent digestive issues.

Physical Activity

Patients will need to avoid strenuous activities for several weeks after surgery to allow their bodies to heal.

Incision Care

Patients will need to keep their incisions clean and dry to prevent infection.

Gallbladder Surgery Prices

The cost of gallbladder surgery can vary depending on several factors, including the location, the complexity of the procedure, and the type of insurance coverage. According to Healthcare Bluebook, the estimated cost of gallbladder surgery in the United States ranges from $7,327 to $12,206.


Gallbladder surgery is a common procedure that can alleviate symptoms associated with gallstones, inflammation, dyskinesia, or polyps. The surgery typically takes one to two hours and carries some risks, including bleeding, infection, bile leakage, and digestive issues. After surgery, patients may need to make dietary and lifestyle adjustments to aid in their recovery. The cost of gallbladder surgery can vary, but it is important to consider the potential benefits and risks when making this decision.


  1. What are the symptoms of gallbladder problems? Symptoms of gallbladder problems may include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, and jaundice.
  2. What happens if gallbladder problems are left untreated? Untreated gallbladder problems can lead to complications, such as pancreatitis or a blocked bile duct.
  3. Can gallstones be treated without surgery? In some cases, gallstones can be treated with medications or dietary changes. However, surgery may be necessary in cases where symptoms persist or complications arise.
  4. How long does it take to recover from gallbladder surgery? Most patients can return to normal activities within a few weeks of surgery, but it may take several months to fully recover.
  5. Can gallbladder surgery be done laparoscopically? Yes, gallbladder surgery can often be performed laparoscopically, which is a less invasive technique that typically results in a shorter recovery time. However, not all cases are suitable for laparoscopic surgery, and open surgery may be necessary in some cases.
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