What is Chalazion Surgery?


What is a Chalazion? Understanding its Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Surgery

Chalazion is a common eyelid condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when a small oil gland in the eyelid becomes blocked and inflamed, resulting in the development of a painless bump. In most cases, chalazion goes away on its own, but in some instances, treatment may be required. In this article, we will take a closer look at what chalazion is, its symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, and surgery.

What is a Chalazion?

Chalazion, also known as meibomian cyst or tarsal cyst, is a non-infectious, painless lump that develops on the eyelid due to the blockage of an oil gland. It can occur on either the upper or lower eyelid and is most commonly found near the edge of the eyelid.

What Are the Symptoms of Chalazion?

The symptoms of chalazion may include:

  • A painless, small bump on the eyelid
  • Swelling and redness of the eyelid
  • Tenderness or sensitivity to the touch
  • Blurred vision if the chalazion is large enough to press on the eye

What Causes Chalazion?

Chalazion is usually caused by the blockage of the oil gland in the eyelid. This blockage can be due to a variety of factors, including:

  • Poor hygiene
  • Blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid)
  • Rosacea (a skin condition that causes facial redness)
  • Seborrheic dermatitis (a skin condition that causes scaly patches)
  • Meibomian gland dysfunction (a condition that affects the oil glands in the eyelids)

How Is Chalazion Diagnosed?

A doctor can usually diagnose chalazion by examining the affected eyelid. In some cases, they may use a magnifying glass or a special instrument called a slit lamp to get a better view of the lump. Rarely, a biopsy may be required to rule out other conditions.

What are the Methods Used in Chalazion Treatment?

In most cases, chalazion goes away on its own within a few weeks or months. However, if it is causing discomfort or affecting vision, treatment may be required. Treatment options may include:

Warm compresses

Applying a warm compress to the affected eyelid can help soften the blocked oil gland and promote drainage.


In some cases, your doctor may prescribe medication to reduce inflammation or prevent infection.

Steroid injection

If the chalazion is large and causing discomfort, your doctor may recommend a steroid injection to help reduce swelling.

What is Chalazion Surgery and How Is It Done?

If other treatments have failed, surgery may be required to remove the chalazion. This procedure is usually done under local anesthesia and involves making a small incision on the eyelid to remove the lump. The incision is then closed with sutures, which are usually removed after a week.


Chalazion is a common eyelid condition that can be treated with a variety of methods. If you are experiencing symptoms of chalazion, it is important to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Remember to practice good hygiene and take care of your eyes to prevent the development of chalazion.


  1. Can chalazion cause permanent damage to the eye?

Chalazion itself does not usually cause permanent damage to the eye, but if it is large enough to press on the eye, it can cause temporary blurred vision.

  1. Can chalazion be treated with antibiotics?

Chalazion is not caused by an infection, so antibiotics are usually not effective for treating it. However, if the chalazion becomes infected, antibiotics may be prescribed.

  1. Is it safe to squeeze or pop a chalazion?

No, squeezing or popping a chalazion can make it worse and increase the risk of infection.

  1. Can chalazion affect children?

Yes, chalazion can affect people of all ages, including children.

  1. How long does it take to recover after chalazion surgery?

Recovery time after chalazion surgery is usually about a week. You may experience some swelling and bruising around the eyelid, but this should resolve within a few days. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions for care after surgery to promote healing and reduce the risk of complications.

Leave A Reply