What is Bruxism? Teeth Grinding Treatment


What is Bruxism and How It Affects Your Health?

If you often wake up with a sore jaw, headache, or toothache, you might be suffering from bruxism. Bruxism is a condition where people clench or grind their teeth unconsciously, especially during sleep. This habit can cause various problems, including dental issues, jaw pain, and sleep disorders. In this article, we’ll explore what bruxism is, what causes it, and how to treat it effectively.

What is Bruxism?

Bruxism is a dental condition where people involuntarily clench or grind their teeth, mostly during sleep. According to the American Dental Association, around 10-15% of adults have bruxism. However, not all people with bruxism require treatment. Bruxism can range from mild to severe and can occur occasionally or frequently.

What Causes Teeth Grinding?

The exact cause of bruxism is not fully understood. However, experts suggest that it can be due to various factors, including stress, anxiety, sleep disorders, and an abnormal bite. Some studies have also linked bruxism to alcohol consumption, tobacco use, and caffeine intake. In some cases, bruxism can also be a side effect of certain medications.

What are the Symptoms of Bruxism?

People with bruxism may experience the following symptoms:

  • Teeth grinding or clenching, which can be loud enough to wake up a partner.
  • Sore jaw or facial muscles, especially in the morning.
  • Headache or earache, particularly in the temple region.
  • Tooth sensitivity or pain.
  • Stiffness or pain in the neck or shoulders.

What are the Symptoms of Clenching While Sleeping?

Clenching while sleeping can lead to various symptoms such as jaw pain, headaches, and difficulty in opening or closing the mouth. It can also cause tooth sensitivity or pain and can even damage your teeth, leading to fractures or wear and tear.

What are the Causes of Clenching While Awake?

Clenching while awake can be due to various reasons, including stress, anxiety, or tension. It can also be a habit that people develop over time, especially if they have an abnormal bite or missing teeth.

What Are the Long-Term Effects of Bruxism?

If left untreated, bruxism can lead to various long-term effects, including:

  • Damage to teeth, fillings, or crowns, leading to tooth sensitivity or even tooth loss.
  • Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) disorders, leading to pain and discomfort in the jaw joint.
  • Chronic headache or migraines, especially if the grinding or clenching occurs during sleep.
  • Sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea, snoring, or insomnia.

How Is Bruxism Diagnosed?

If you suspect that you have bruxism, you should consult your dentist. The dentist will perform a thorough examination of your teeth and jaw to assess the extent of damage caused by bruxism. The dentist may also take x-rays or conduct other tests to rule out other dental or medical conditions that can cause similar symptoms.

Bruxism Treatment

The treatment for bruxism depends on the severity of the condition. For mild cases, your dentist may recommend simple measures such as relaxation techniques, stress management, and avoiding caffeine, alcohol, or tobacco. Your dentist may also suggest a mouthguard or splint to protect your teeth from further damage.

For severe cases, your dentist may recommend a combination of therapies, including:

  • Muscle relaxants to reduce muscle tension in the jaw.
  • Botox injections to paralyze the muscles that cause grinding or clenching.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy to help you identify

What Is Done To Prevent Bruxism?

Prevention of bruxism involves reducing stress, managing anxiety, and avoiding triggers that may worsen the condition. Here are some preventive measures that you can take to reduce your risk of developing bruxism:

  • Practice good sleep hygiene: Ensure that you get enough sleep, and maintain a regular sleep schedule.
  • Reduce stress: Engage in stress-reducing activities, such as meditation, yoga, or exercise.
  • Avoid triggers: Avoid or limit alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, and other substances that can worsen bruxism.
  • Wear a mouthguard: A mouthguard can protect your teeth from damage caused by grinding or clenching.
  • Get regular dental checkups: Regular dental checkups can help detect and treat any dental issues that may contribute to bruxism.

Does Bruxism Cause Tinnitus?

Tinnitus is a condition characterized by a ringing or buzzing sound in the ears. While bruxism itself may not cause tinnitus, the muscle tension and strain caused by grinding or clenching can lead to ear pain or a feeling of fullness in the ears. This can exacerbate tinnitus symptoms in some people.

Is Bruxism Hereditary?

While bruxism is not entirely hereditary, some studies suggest that there may be a genetic component to the condition. People with a family history of bruxism may be at higher risk of developing the condition themselves. However, other factors such as stress, anxiety, and lifestyle habits can also contribute to the development of bruxism.

Bruxism and COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about unprecedented changes in our daily lives. With the rise of remote work and increased stress levels, many people have reported an increase in bruxism symptoms during the pandemic. Stress and anxiety caused by the pandemic can exacerbate bruxism symptoms, leading to increased teeth grinding or clenching.

While the exact link between COVID-19 and bruxism is not fully understood, experts suggest that the pandemic-related stress and anxiety can contribute to the development or worsening of bruxism symptoms. To prevent or manage bruxism during the pandemic, it’s important to practice good sleep hygiene, reduce stress levels, and seek professional help if needed.


Bruxism is a common dental condition that can cause various symptoms, including jaw pain, headaches, and tooth sensitivity. While the exact cause of bruxism is not fully understood, it is often associated with stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders. If left untreated, bruxism can lead to various long-term effects, including tooth damage, TMJ disorders, and sleep disorders. However, with proper diagnosis and treatment, bruxism can be effectively managed, and its symptoms can be reduced.

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